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National Bolshevik Party

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National Bolshevik Party
Национал-большевистская партия
Founder Eduard Limonov, Aleksandr Dugin, Yegor Letov, Sergey Kuryokhin
Founded 1 May 1993; 31 years ago (1993-05-01)
Dissolved 7 August 2007 (banned)
Succeeded by The Other Russia of E. V. Limonov
Newspaper Archived link
Ideology National Bolshevism
Russian ultranationalism
Third position
Political position Syncretic

"Russia is everything, the rest is nothing!" (motto)

"Yes, Death!" (greeting)
Anthem Link
Archived link

The National Bolshevik Party, also known as the Nazbols, was a Russian political party that was started in 1993 and then banned in 2007 by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. The party was reestablished in 2010 in the form of the The Other Russia party.


In 1992, Eduard Limonov founded the National Bolshevik Front (NBF) as an amalgamation of six minor groups. Aleksandr Dugin was among the earliest members and was instrumental in convincing Limonov to enter politics. The party first attracted attention in 1992 when two members were arrested for possessing grenades. The incident gave the NBP publicity for a boycott campaign they were organizing against Western goods. The NBF joined forces with the National Salvation Front (a broad coalition of Russian Socialists and Nationalists).

The FNS was one of the leading groups involved in the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, and Limonov participated in the clashes near the White House in Moscow on the side of the Anti-Yeltsin opposition.

When others within the coalition began to speak out against the NBF, it withdrew from the alliance.

On 1 May 1993, Limonov and Dugin signed a declaration of founding the NBP.

On 28 November 1994, Limonov founded the newspaper Limonka, the official organ of the NBP.

In 1998, Dugin left the NBP as a result of a conflict with other members of the party.[40] This led to the party moving further left in Russia's political spectrum, and lead to members of the party denouncing Dugin and his group as fascists.

Arrest of Eduard Limonov (2001–2003)

Limonov and some National Bolsheviks were jailed in April 2001 on charges of terrorism, the forced overthrow of the constitutional order, and the illegal purchase of weapons. Based on an article published in Limonka under Limonov's byline, the government accused Limonov of planning to start an armed insurgency in Kazakhstan.

After the arrest of the leader, members of the party started activities (including direct action stunts) against Putin's government. In 2002, members of the NBP participated in a common demonstration of socialist forces in a Moscow a demonstration called Anticapitalism-2002. National Bolsheviks clashed with oppressive riot police.

In 2003, Limonov was released from Lefortovo Prison.

Opposition to the government (2004–2007)

Since 2004, the Nazbol party has formed alliances with other opposition forces, both far-left and right-wing. In 2004, Limonov signed the declaration titled "Russia without Putin."

In August 2006, an anti-Limonovist faction of the National bolshevik Party that was more like strasserist formed the National Bolshevik Front.

The Nazbol party became a prominent member of The Other Russia coalition of opposition parties.

In 2007, the NBP members took part in a Dissenters' March and other subsequent demonstrations against the government.

Prohibition and aftermath (2007–2010)

The NBP was banned by a Russian lower court in June 2005, but the Russian Supreme Court overturned that ban on 16 August 2005. In November 2005, the Russian Supreme Court upheld a ban on the party on the grounds that the national bolshevik party was a political party without being registered as such But really the party was banned because of its anti-government/putin views.

On 7 August 2007, the Russian Supreme Court confirmed the decision of the Moscow City Court of 19 April to ban the party as an extremist organization. But in reality the party was banned because of anti-government Anti-puitn beliefs.

In 2009, NBP members took part in Strategy-31, a series of civic protests in support of the right to peaceful assembly.

In July 2010, the National Bolsheviks founded a new political party, The Other Russia.

See also