Aleksandr Gelyevich Dugin (January 7, 1962) is a Soviet and Russian philosopher, political scientist, sociologist, translator and a political activist. He is known to have Fascistic views. Dugin is a professor at Moscow State University, and is an Ideologist and one of the leaders of now defunct National Bolshevik Party, leader of the Eurasian Union. Dugin is author of many books, among them Foundations of Geopolitics (1997) and The Fourth Political Theory (2009).
Born in family of Soviet military intelligence officer Geliy Aleksandrovich Dugin. His mother was a doctor and candidate of medicine. In 1979, Dugin entered the Moscow Aviation Institute but was expelled. Graduated from the Novocherkassk Engineering Institute.
In the eighties became interested in the occult and joined dissident satanist groups as "Yuzhinsky circle" of writer Yuri Mamleev and "Black order of the SS" of Evgeny Golovin (who called himself "Reichsführer"). Dugin adopted an alter ego with the name of "Hans Siever" which was a reference to Wolfram Sievers , a Nazi researcher of the occult and paranormal, leader of the Ahnenerbe. In the same time he discovered the works of theorists of the european New Right, the Conservative Revolution and theorists of geopolitics.
In 1988, joined "National-patriotic front Pamyat'", a reactionary monarchist party led by Dmitry Vasilyev. In a 1989 interview he said, that the soviet politicians absolutely misunderstood "the true internationalism of Lenin", which "orientates itself on tradition and then orientates itself on a dialogue" and added that "the political criminals who have been behind vulgar internationalism will be and should be punished". He was later expelled from the party due to contacts with satanists and occultists.
From 1990 to 1992, he worked with the declassified KGB documents, on the basis of which he wrote scenarios for a TV show "Tayny veka" ("Secrets of the century").
In October 1993, Aleksandr Dugin took part in the defense of the Supreme Soviet of Russia, and perceived the defeat of the Soviet as his personal tragedy. After that he founded the National Bolshevik Party together with Eduard Limonov and Yegor Letov, a party known for its fierce opposition to liberalism.
Dugin left the NBP in 1998 due to ideological differences with Limonov. In the same year he became an advisor to the chairman of the State Duma Gennady Seleznev. With Putin coming to power, Dugin changed his views on the russian government and moved from radical opposition to a position of loyalism towards the current government.
In 2003 founded the International Eurasian Movement.
In 2005 was invited to give a lecture at the John Hopkins University and met Zbigniew Brzezinski in Washington.
Since September 2008 he is a professor at Moscow State University and director of the Center for Conservative Research at the Sociological Faculty of Moscow State University.
Between 2016 and 2017 he was the Chief Editor of the TV channel "Tsargrad TV" where he had his own show called "Dugin's directive" (Direktiva Dugina - Директива Дугина).
Marxism, Communism, Soviet Union
Dugin admits that he held radically anticommunist views in the early 1980s. He even claims that he encouraged his son to spit on Lenin's memorial. This, of course, changed with Perestroika and the fall of the USSR.
In his 1997 essay called "Just Bolshevism" (Prosto Bolshevizm) Dugin claims that bolshevism is purely russian national phenomenon and that "non-national bolshevism" has never existed. 
According to Dugin Russians should not condemn Lenin, but try to understand him. On the other hand, they should not just mindlessly celebrate him, because he liquidated according to him the most beautiful things in the russian identity - Orthodoxy, Autocracy (Samoderzhavie), Nationality and founded a dictatorship that murdered many russian people. Dugin claims that "Lenin was a monstrous creature of gigantic proportions. Not a dwarf, not a mediocrity but a Titan."
Dugin also advocated for return to idealistic and non-materialist socialism.
Fascism, Nazism, Racism
Dugin claims, that the true and ideal fascism was never achieved and that this happened because of "the virus of the national-capitalism". Dugin views the "national-capitalism" (the tendency of the fascist regimes to appease with capitalists) as the "inner enemy" of fascism and by no means as a part of it.
Dugin's views on fascism changed a lot during his life. In 1997 he even wrote an essay named "The Apology of Antifascism".  It stays unclear, what is his opinion on fascism nowadays. When asked about his interest in fascism in an interview to "Govorit Moskva" in 2015, he answered that he studies not only fascism but also many other ideologies and ideologists including Popper and Hayek. 
In an interview from June 2020 given to russian Twitch streamer ÜberMarginal Dugin said, that Antifa is financed by "globalists like Soros".
Dugin opposes social-darwinism and sees it as one of the main inspiration for contemporary neoliberalism. He also claims to be an opponent of racism, and even claims the main motivation in contemporary western politics is racism and even quotes The Eurocentric Conception of World Politics by John Hobson..
- ↑ In a 1999 interview for a Polish "Fronda" Dugin explains: "In Russian Orthodox christianity a person is a part of the Church, part of the collective organism, just like a leg. So how can a person be responsible for himself? Can a leg be responsible for itself? Here is where the idea of state, total state originates from. Also because of this, Russians, since they are Orthodox, can be the true fascists, unlike artificial Italian fascists: of Gentile type or their Hegelians. The true Hegelianism is Ivan Peresvetov – the man who in 16th century invented the oprichnina for Ivan the Terrible. He was the true creator of Russian fascism. He created the idea that state is everything and an individual is nothing"."Czekam na Iwana Groźnego" [I'm waiting for Ivan the Terrible]. 11/12 (in Polish). Fronda. 1999. p. 133. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
- ↑ http://eurasia.com.ru/versia.htm
- ↑ МОЖЕГОВ, Владимир Ползущий ангел, "Континент" , 2010, № 144
- ↑ CLOVER, Charles Black Wind, White Snow: The Rise of Russia's New Nationalism, Yale University Press, Apr 26, 2016
- ↑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cLLEAAaL6Jo
- ↑ DUGIN, Aleksandr Ленин - красный аватара гнева
- ↑ DUGIN, Aleksandr ПРОСТО БОЛЬШЕВИЗМ
- ↑ ДИРЕКТИВА ОТ 22.04.2016 - Ленин - наше внутреннее явление
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 "ФАШИЗМ БЕЗГРАНИЧНЫЙ И КРАСНЫЙ"
- ↑ АПОЛОГИЯ АНТИФАШИЗМА
- ↑ Программа «Пиджаки» 16.03.2015
- ↑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aUDmCK78KOY
- ↑ Александр Дугин: Яд модернизации
- ↑ Дугин: Расизм Запада